Areas of Study
In 1854 the first engineering course in Canada was offered at King’s College, which was to become the nucleus of the University of New Brunswick. Today, four- and five-year engineering degrees are offered by most Canadian universities leading to degrees with various names: Bachelor of Science (BSc) in Engineering, Bachelor of Engineering (BE or BEng), Bachelor of Applied Science (BASc) or Bachelor of Engineering Technology (BET). Students can enter the first year of the bachelor’s program directly from high school or into third year with an associate's degree. A bachelor’s degree is typically four years, with opportunities for internships or co-op experiences, or combined degrees which can extend the program to five years.
An engineering degree will usually be undertaken in one field of engineering, which is sometimes noted in the degree as in BE (Aero) or BEng (Elec). Common fields for the degree include aerospace, biomedical, chemical, civil, computer, electrical, engineering science, environmental, geological, industrial or manufacturing, materials or metallurgical, mechanical, mining or mineral, and software engineering, etc. As well, there are many kinds of specialties within these fields.
Most Canadian engineering programs are accredited by the Canadian Engineering Accreditation Board (CEAB), and graduates of accredited programs are eligible to become registered Professional Engineers (P.Eng.) or P.Ing, in Quebec.
International exchanges and co-op or industry supervised internship programs are available, which can extend the program to up to five years. As well, engineering can be combined with other areas of study such as business, science or social sciences leading to a joint degree or minor.
Community colleges and technical institutes also offer a number of bachelor's degrees in engineering, as well as associate's degrees in engineering, which can ladder into a bachelor's degree at a Canadian university.