Transfer Credits Glossary

Transfer Credits Glossary
  By Anne Maclean

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Advanced Standing
Credit given for a previously-taken post-secondary credential such as a certificate or diploma program; this credit enables you to enter a degree program or other program at a higher level.
   Also called Career Laddering or Laddering.

Applied degree
A degree granted by a college or technical institute in an applied subject (such as accounting, interior design or forest technology) after the completion of six semesters (about 3 years) of academic studies and at least 2 semesters (about 1 year) of paid, related, supervised work experience.

Apprenticeship
A combination of on-the-job training and technical in-school instruction in a specific trade such as carpentry, plumbing, electrical, culinary arts, etc. Offered by many two-year colleges and other post-secondary institutions. Those who complete an apprenticeship program receive a provincial Certificate of Apprenticeship.

Articulation
The system used by post-secondary institutions to determine
course equivalency.

Assigned credit
Credit granted for a specific course.

Associate degree
A degree granted by many community colleges on completion of a two-year program. Often used as a transfer degree. In some provinces, an associate degree can give you priority admission to universities in the same province as well as a guarantee of 60 transfer credits at other universities and university colleges. You may still need to take more courses to meet all the requirements of your new program.

Block transfer
The transfer of credits from a certificate, diploma, or associate degree program. If the receiving institution has a block transfer agreement with your institution, you can transfer the entire program without having a course-by-course assessment.

Cluster Credit
Credit granted on completion of two or more courses in the same subject area.

Career Laddering
   see Advanced Standing

Course equivalency
The credit granted by the Receiving Institution for a course taken at another institution. Also known as course-to-course credit.

Direct Entry Program
A credit transfer to a specific degree program which has been formally approved by the receiving institution even though it is not part of a formal collaborative agreement with the sending institution.

Elective Credit
Credit granted for a course not similar enough to a Receiving Institution course to be granted a specific credit. Credit is given for study in the same subject area.
   Also called Unassigned, Unspecified, and Non-specific credit.

Host Institution
   see Sending Institution

IB/AP transfer
High-school students who have taken the International Baccalaureate (IB) program or Advanced Placement (AP) program are eligible for advanced credit toward their undergraduate degrees.

Laddering
   see Advanced Standing

Non-specific credit
   see Unassigned Credit

Preclude
Denial of credit for a course taken at a later date. The course might not be considered part of your program even if it's in your general subject area.

Prior Learning Assessment (PLA)
Prior Learning Assessment Recognition (PLAR)
Not a transfer credit as such, a PLA or PLAR considers previous learning undertaken in non-traditional or non-standard areas outside the usual academic environment. You can demonstrate prior learning by taking a challenge exam, providing documentation of equivalency, attending an interview, or submitting a portfolio of your non-traditional studies along with relevant work and life experience. The procedure varies from province to province and may only apply to specific programs. PLA(R) credits granted at one institution often cannot be transferred to
 

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